朱鴻洲/ Chu, Hung-Chou中國醫藥大學通識教育中心副教授
Center for General Education, China Medical University, Associate Professor
Although Marivaux’s plays are considered as classical styles in form because they follow the rules of thethree unitsproposed fordrama since the seventeenth century, recently many researchers have pointed out his innovations in the art of drama. This article summarizes these relative comments. Among these analyses about the innovations and characteristicsof Marivaux’s plays, obviously,the marivaudage is the most mentioned as the originality of this theater.But anotherissue,important to us, is relativelylessstudied than the marivaudage in this theater:humor.Indeed, by humor, the theater of Marivaux differs not only from the dramatic works of its era, but also from the whole of the French comedy. Therefore,this studyaims to analyze the representation of humor in Marivaux’s play. More precisely, the object of this analysis is limited to the humor of Arlequin.The reason is that the naivetyof this character is an essential factor to show the multiple characteristics of humor. In terms of research methods, weendeavor to distinguish theoretically humor from other kindsof comic discourse.In addition, this studywill divide the humor of Arlequin into three categories. The first is about the humor in hisstupid words. The second concerns the humor created by Arlequin in different situations. Finally, his truth and philosophical humor will be the theme of our analysis. Thus, through this article, we try to show, ascompletely aspossible, the diversity of Arlequin's humor.In this way,we also hope to demonstrate, in a concrete way, the innovation and originalityofthis theatre.
Marivaux, comedy, Arlequin, humor, naivety